and weaknesses. In fact, there are
many cognitive processing weaknesses that can effect young learners and if you
want quick and optimal results, it’s important to pursue a comprehensive
evaluation. A good assessment will
help uncover the areas of difficulty. Then educational professionals, such
as an experienced reading specialist or educational therapist can focus on
strengthening those specific areas of cognition.
Cognitive Processing Areas That Impact Reading?
reading. Here are the most common:
ability of the eyes to follow the
movement of an object in motion or follow words across the page from left
– is the ability to pull the pieces together to create a visual whole.
the ability to identify or
recognize a symbol or object when the entire object is not visible.
between visible likeness and differences in size, shape, pattern, form,
position, and color.
of symbols, letters or numbers that have been seen.
Details – is the ability to attend to and recognize all the information and
fine points presented in an image.
Discrimination – is the ability
to detect differences in sounds.
of what is heard.
order of information in which it was heard.
decipher a word or message when a part is distorted or missing.
Association – is the ability to connect a sound with a symbol or letter.
the ability to rapidly and precisely
express ideas into specific words.
the ability to accurately understand language that is seen or heard.
the ability to shift our thoughts
in order to respond effectively to any given situation.
Programs Work, But Are They The Best Solution?
bicep. Although a whole body
workout would help in many ways, it will be a long process and your bicep may
never receive the intensive work it needs to catch up with the rest of your
body. Likewise, a reading program is always beneficial, but it will probably take time and it may
never strengthen the specific cognitive areas that need the most
to do repeated activities that exercise those areas of the brain. For example, if you need to improve a
student’s tracking abilities, he or she would need to do a lot of activities
that would require their eyes to follow from left to right and follow objects
in motion. Likewise, to
improve visual discrimination, a student would need to complete a lot of
activities that would require the processing of similar images. They would need to learn to practice and uncover likenesses
Specific Tools Professionals, Teachers and Parents Can Use?
Reversing Reversals. The first
publication in the Series, Reversing Reversal Primary, offers cognitive training materials for young
learners that are struggling with letters and numbers, as well as those that
are showing signs of dyslexia or other learning disabilities. This
product includes fun activities and games that use animals which will truly please and
entice students. Young learners will not even realize that they are working on the foundational skills that are
necessary to learn basic math and reading. The next product is Reversing Reversals. This integrates letters and numbers
into the activities and games.
Finally, Reversing Reversals 2 continues to offer more activities which work with letters, numbers and even symbols. Free samplings of the
activities are available for all three of these publications. To learn more and try
the free samples, go to dyslexiamaterials.com. Another
comprehensive tool that addresses many of the cognitive processing areas is Audiblox: http://www.audiblox2000.com/ For
visual processing issues, I also like the MiniLuk system, and for Visual Discrimination and reasoning, I like Visual Discrimination by Jean Edwards. See the links below:
I hope you found this helpful! I would love to hear your thoughts!!
Dr. Erica Warren is the author, illustrator and publisher of multisensory educational materials at Good Sensory Learning and Dyslexia Materials. She is also the director of Learning to Learn, in Ossining, NY. To learn more about her products and services, you can go to www.goodsensorylearning.com www.dyslexiamaterials.com and www.learningtolearn.biz