The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 both use the term “reasonable accommodation” to represent the modifications or adaptations resulting in equal access or improved accessibility to buildings, programs, and academics. They provide changes to traditional methods so that students’ disabilities do not impede the learning process. For example, if a student has deficits in fine motor control and their penmanship is labored and illegible, a reasonable accommodation may provide a copy of the teacher’s notes. Consequently, this student’s disability will not get in the way of learning lecture-based content.
Many Schools are Now Offering Informal Accommodations. Is this a Good Option?
Schools often offer this option to families, as it can save districts a lot of money on testing, meetings and staffings. The problem with informal accommodations is that the teachers are not mandated to offer services and they can be discontinued at any time. In addition, informal accommodations never apply to standardized tests such as the SATs. If, however, a student is receiving formal accommodations, they are protected and modifications or adaptations result in equal access or improved accessibility to buildings, programs, and academics.
Who can Initiate Reasonable Accommodations?
Any student with a qualified disability or their legal guardian/parent can request a meeting that can result in reasonable accommodations. Please note that the disability must be documented by the school or an outside source and the results must be presented at the meeting. If there are no prior testing results, you can request that the school provide the needed testing. Contact your local school district to learn about their step-by-step procedure. Make sure to put all requests in writing and also indicate that you wish to tape record the meeting. This blog post is intended to provide an overview of reasonable accommodations and is not legal advice.
Dr. Erica Warren is the author, illustrator and publisher of multisensory educational materials at Good Sensory Learning and Dyslexia Materials. She is also the director of Learning to Learn, in Ossining, NY. To learn more about her products and services, you can go to www.goodsensorylearning.com, www.dyslexiamaterials.com & www.learningtolearn.biz
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