12 Memory Strategies That Maximize Learning

Most students have had the experience of
knowing an answer, but they are unable to access the information in a stressful
moment. This is a common difficulty when students are taking a test, as anxiety can block recall.  In fact, one may
be able to recall the first letter of a name they are trying to conjure from
memory but fail to retrieve the whole word.  In addition, they may be able to describe the word or concept but only
call to mind similar words or concepts. 
The brain is much like a filing cabinet,
storing information that you have learned, and if a student quickly packs information into their head in a
random or disorganized fashion, uncovering the needed material can be a
challenge.  Like finding a favorite
shirt in a messy room, a student may waste a lot of time searching for the right
word, or even worse, they may not be able to demonstrate their knowledge when
called upon in class or when recording answers on a test.  This can be frustrating and
discouraging.  However, if students
take the time to sort the novel information and make connections, recollection
can improve significantly. 
Memory strategies are tools that help
students organize information before they file it away in their minds.  The following will
introduce you to a variety of memory strategies that can assist students with
the learning process, so that they can save time, achieve better grades and
gain improved confidence in their ability to demonstrate their knowledge.

  1. Make Connections: Making connections between new information and prior knowledge
    can help students learn and encode novel material in an organized fashion.  
  2. Chunking: Chunking
    allows students to organize material into manageable units.
  3. Looking For Patterns: Looking for patterns in new material can
    also aid in some learning situations.
  4. Tell a Story: Creating a story about the information to be learned can help with both memory encoding and
    retrieval.  If stories are
    humorous, it’s even better.
  5. Rhymes: Rhymes
    use a poem or verse that has a pattern of sounds, especially at the ends of
    lines.  Creating rhymes with academic content embedded can make recall an easier process.
  6. Create a Visual Association: Visual associations allow students to connect a
    mental or drawn image with the information memorized.  
  7. Create an Auditory Association: Auditory associations can help with
    learning vocabulary.  A word may
    sound like something that reminds you of it’s meaning. 
  8. Graphic Organizers: Graphic organizers are also called Mind Maps, Concept Maps and
    Flow Charts.  They are all
    illustrative ways to organize information and thoughts. They are powerful tools
    that help students make connections and see the big picture. 
  9. Acrostics: Acrostics
    are short sentences that use the initial letter of each word or phrase to be
    memorized. 
  10. Hooking: Hooking
    is a method that helps students connect the question to the answer so that
    information is stored in the same location and can be easily accessed.  This is a great strategy for
    remembering vocabulary words because the answer is embedded in the question.
  11. Verbal Rehearsal – Teaching Material:
    Some students are assisted when they are able to process information
    aloud.  Many individuals do not
    really know what they are thinking until they have had the opportunity to
    articulate it.  Being able to
    discuss new topics, or even teach the material to others, can be an effective
    way of securing information into one’s memory.
  12. Songs: Songs
    are wonderful tools that can assist students in memorizing mundane facts.
For a full free document that goes into greater detail on the above memory strategies and provides examples Click Here.

To learn more about these memory strategies as well as other helpful learning tools, consider purchasing Planning Time Management and Organization for Success.  This publication offers methods and materials that guide, and support students in the areas of learning strategies, time management, planning and organization (executive functioning skills).  It includes agendas, questionnaires, checklists, as well as graphic organizers.  You will also find advice and handouts for reading, math, memory, motivation, setting priorities and incentives programs.  These materials were created over a ten year period for my private practice.  What’s more, the materials accommodate learners of all ages from elementary to college.  Finally, I offer a free sample assessment from the publication too, as well as a free video on executive functioning.  To Access this Click Here

Cheers, Erica



Dr. Erica Warren is the author, illustrator and publisher of multisensory educational materials at Good Sensory Learning and Dyslexia Materials.  She is also the director of Learning to Learn, in Ossining, NY.  To learn more about her products and services, you can go to www.goodsensorylearning.comwww.dyslexiamaterials.com & www.learningtolearn.biz  
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  1. […] memory strategies to help your students encode and retrieve new concepts.  You can also ask them to […]

  2. […] strategies.  ·      For an in-depth look at memory strategies CLICK HERE.      5.     Help Your Students Determine Whether Working With […]

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