knowing an answer, but they are unable to access the information in a stressful
moment. This is a common difficulty when students are taking a test, as anxiety can block recall. In fact, one may
be able to recall the first letter of a name they are trying to conjure from
memory but fail to retrieve the whole word. In addition, they may be able to describe the word or concept but only
call to mind similar words or concepts.
storing information that you have learned, and if a student quickly packs information into their head in a
random or disorganized fashion, uncovering the needed material can be a
challenge. Like finding a favorite
shirt in a messy room, a student may waste a lot of time searching for the right
word, or even worse, they may not be able to demonstrate their knowledge when
called upon in class or when recording answers on a test. This can be frustrating and
discouraging. However, if students
take the time to sort the novel information and make connections, recollection
can improve significantly.
students organize information before they file it away in their minds. The following will
introduce you to a variety of memory strategies that can assist students with
the learning process, so that they can save time, achieve better grades and
gain improved confidence in their ability to demonstrate their knowledge.
- Make Connections: Making connections between new information and prior knowledge
can help students learn and encode novel material in an organized fashion.
- Chunking: Chunking
allows students to organize material into manageable units.
- Looking For Patterns: Looking for patterns in new material can
also aid in some learning situations.
- Tell a Story: Creating a story about the information to be learned can help with both memory encoding and
retrieval. If stories are
humorous, it’s even better.
- Rhymes: Rhymes
use a poem or verse that has a pattern of sounds, especially at the ends of
lines. Creating rhymes with academic content embedded can make recall an easier process.
- Create a Visual Association: Visual associations allow students to connect a
mental or drawn image with the information memorized.
- Create an Auditory Association: Auditory associations can help with
learning vocabulary. A word may
sound like something that reminds you of it’s meaning.
- Graphic Organizers: Graphic organizers are also called Mind Maps, Concept Maps and
Flow Charts. They are all
illustrative ways to organize information and thoughts. They are powerful tools
that help students make connections and see the big picture.
- Acrostics: Acrostics
are short sentences that use the initial letter of each word or phrase to be
- Hooking: Hooking
is a method that helps students connect the question to the answer so that
information is stored in the same location and can be easily accessed. This is a great strategy for
remembering vocabulary words because the answer is embedded in the question.
- Verbal Rehearsal – Teaching Material:
Some students are assisted when they are able to process information
aloud. Many individuals do not
really know what they are thinking until they have had the opportunity to
articulate it. Being able to
discuss new topics, or even teach the material to others, can be an effective
way of securing information into one’s memory.
- Songs: Songs
are wonderful tools that can assist students in memorizing mundane facts.
To learn more about these memory strategies as well as other helpful learning tools, consider purchasing Planning Time Management and Organization for Success. This publication offers methods and materials that guide, and support students in the areas of learning strategies, time management, planning and organization (executive functioning skills). It includes agendas, questionnaires, checklists, as well as graphic organizers. You will also find advice and handouts for reading, math, memory, motivation, setting priorities and incentives programs. These materials were created over a ten year period for my private practice. What’s more, the materials accommodate learners of all ages from elementary to college. Finally, I offer a free sample assessment from the publication too, as well as a free video on executive functioning. To Access this Click Here
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