Literary Devices: Free Handout and Link to New Publication

What’s the Confusion all About?
the years, my students have come to sessions seeking help with literary
devices.  They have expressed
confusion over the terms: literary devices, literary terms, literary elements
and figurative language, and they also struggle with the many definitions. 
What are Literary Devices, Literary Terms, Literary Elements and Figurative Language?
  • Literary Devices are creative writing
    strategies used by an author to convey his or her message(s).  When used
    well, literary devices help readers to visualize, interpret and analyze
    literary texts.  There are two
    kinds: literary techniques (which includes figurative language) and literary
  • Literary Techniques are words or phrases in texts of literature that writers use to achieve artistic or creative
    expression.  Literary techniques
    also help readers to visualize, understand and appreciate literature.  
  • Literary Elements are components or pieces that make up a story or
    literary work. 
  • Figurative Language is the creative use of words and phrases that offers a hidden meaning beyond any literal

How Can Students Understand the Global Concept?
I created an image to help students
“see” the big picture as well as understand the individual components.  Although I have not included all possible literary devices, I have included what I believe to be the most common ones.  I hope you agree. 

Click Here to download a free copy of
this image.
Additional Resources:
If you are also interested in a
comprehensive publication that also offers students additional printables, a
multisensory activity and a game, Click Here
Cheers, Erica
Dr. Erica Warren is the author, illustrator and publisher of multisensory educational materials at Good Sensory Learning and Dyslexia Materials.  She is also the director of Learning to Learn, in Ossining, NY.  To learn more about her products and services, you can go to,,  
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